Monday, July 27, 2009

THE FIRSTS AND LASTS - 1

  • First British Governor General of the new Dominion of India - Lord Mountbatten
  • First and the Last Indian Governor General of Free India - C.Rajagopalachari
  • Last Governor-General of India who also became the first Viceroy of India - Lord Canning
  • Last Viceroy of India - Lord Mountbatten
  • First British Governor-General in India - Warren Hastings
  • First Commander-in-Chief of free India - General Cariappa
  • Tenth and the last Guru of the Sikhs - Guru Gobind Singh
  • First Chinese pilgrim to visit India - Fa-Hein
  • First European to visit China - Marco Polo
  • First European invader on Indian soil - Alexander the Great
  • First U.S.A. President to visit India - D. Eisenhover
  • First Russian Prime Minister to visit India - V.I.Bulganin
  • First British Prime Minister to visit India - Harold Macmillan
  • First President of the USA - George Washington
  • First President of the Chinese Republic - Sun Yat-Sen
  • First Prime Minister of Great Britain - Robert Walpole
  • First Women Prime Minister of a country in the World - Mrs. S. Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka)
  • First India’s Spaceman - Sqn. Ldr. Rakesh Sharma
  • First Indian to scale Mount Everest - Phu Dorjee
  • First President of Indian Republic - Dr. Rajendra Prasad
  • First Woman Prime Minister of India - Mrs. Indira Gandhi
  • First Indian to win Nobel Prize - Dr. Rabindranath Tagore
  • First President of Indian National Congress - W.C.Bonerjee

Sunday, July 26, 2009

INDIA - FIVE YEAR PLANS

  • FIRST - 1951-52 to 1955-56 - Priority given to irrigation and agriculture.
  • SECOND - 1956-57 to 1960-61 - Develoment of basic and heavy industries.
  • THIRD - 1961-62 to 1965-66 - Long-term development of India’s economy.
  • ANNUAL PLAN - 1967-68 to 1968-69 - Plan holiday period.Pakistan and Chinese wars.
  • FOURTH - 1969-70 to 1973-74 - It brought in a scientific temper to Indian agriculture.
  • FIFTH - 1974-75 to 1977-78 - Janata Government terminated a year earlier and introduced the Rolling-Plan.
  • ANNUAL PLAN - 1978-79 to 1979-80 - Introduced by the Janata Government.
  • SIXTH - 1980-81 to 1984-85 - New Government revised plan for 1981-85 and approved subsequently.
  • SEVENTH - 1985-86 to 1989-90 - Productivity,work and food were given basic priorities.
  • EIGHTH - 1992-93 to 1996-97 - was designed to tackle the twin problems of unemployment and poverty
  • NINTH - 1997-98 to 2001-2002 - Ensuring the implementation of Common Minimum Programme and boosting agricultural investment
  • TENTH - 2002-2003 to 2006-2007 - Funds will be allocated especially towards poverty alleviation programmes.
  • ELEVENTH - 2007 -2008 to 2012-2013 - Current Plan

Thursday, July 16, 2009

INDIA - KEY FACTS - 2001 CENSUS


AREA : 3,287,240 Sq km.
No.OF STATES : 28
No.OF UNION TERRITORIES : 7
No.OF DISTRICTS : 593
POPULATION : PERSONS : 1,028,737,436
MALES : 532,223,090
FEMALES : 496,514,346
POPULATION DENSITY : 325 PERSONS/SQ KM
SEX RADIO : 933 FEMALES/1000 MALES
LITERACY : PERSONS : 560,687,797 (64.8%)
MALES : 336,533,716 (75.3%)
FEMALES : 224,154,081 (53.7%)

LARGEST/SMALLEST AREA
  • Largest State : Rajasthan (342,239 Sq km)
  • Smallest State : Goa (3,702 Sq km)
  • Largest Union Territory : Andaman & Nicobar Islands (8,249 Sq km)
  • Smallest Union Territory : Lakshadweep (32 Sq km)
  • Largest District : Kachchh-Gujarat (45,652 Sq km)
  • Smallest District : Mahe-Pondicherry (9 Sq km)
HIGHEST/LOWEST POPULATION
  • State with Highest Population : Uttar Pradesh (166,197,921)
  • State with Lowest Population : Sikkim (540,851)
  • UT with Highest Population : Delhi (13,850,507)
  • UT with Lowest Population : Lakshadweep (60,650)
  • District with Highest Population : Medinipur-West Bengal (9,610,788)
  • District with Lowest Population : Yanam-Pondicherry (31,394)
POPULATION DENSITY
  • State with Highest Population Density : West Bengal (903 Persons/Sq.Km)
  • State with Lowest Population Density : Arunachal Pradesh (13 Persons/Sq.Km)
  • UT with Highest Population Density : Delhi (9,340 Persons/Sq.Km)
  • UT with Lowest Population Density : Andaman&Nicobar Islands (43 Persons/Sq.Km)
  • District with Highest Population Density : North East-Delhi (29,468 Persons/Sq.Km)
  • District with Lowest Population Density : Lahul&Spiti-Himachal Pradesh (2 Persons/Sq.Km)
RURAL/URBAN POPULATION
Rural : 742,490,639 (72.2%)
Urban : 286,119,689 (27.8%)
  • State with highest proportion of Urban Population : Goa (49.76%)
  • State with lowest proportion of Urban Population : Himachal Pradesh (9.30%)
  • UT with highest proportion of Urban Population : Delhi (93.18%)
  • UT with lowest proportion of Urban Population : Dadra&NagarHaveli (22.89%)
SEX RADIO
India : 933 Females/1000 Males
Rural : 946 Females/1000 Males
Urban : 900 Females/1000 Males
  • State with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Kerala (1,058 Females/1000 Males)
  • State with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Haryana (861 Females/1000 Males)
  • UT with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Pondicherry (1,001 Females/1000 Males)
  • UT with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Daman & Diu (710 Females/1000 Males)
  • District with Highest Female Sex Ratio : Mahe-Pondicherry (1,147 Females/1000 Males)
  • District with Lowest Female Sex Ratio : Daman (Daman&Diu (591 Females/1000 Males)
NUMBER OF LITERATES & LITERACY RATE
Total :
Persons-560,687,797(64.8%) | Males-336,533,716(75.3%) | Females-224,154,081(53.7%)
Rural :
Persons-361,870(58.7%) | Males-817 223,551(70.7%) | Females-641 138,319,176(46.1%)
Urban :
Persons-198,816,980(79.9%) | Males-112,982,075(86.3%) | Females-85,834,905(72.9%)
  • State with Highest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons :Kerala(90.9%) Males:Kerala(94.2%) Females:Kerala (87.7%)
  • State with Lowest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons:Bihar(47.0%) Males:Bihar(59.7%) Females:Bihar(33.1%)
  • UT with Highest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons:Lakshadweep(86.7%) Males:Lakshadweep(92.5%) Females:Lakshadweep(80.5%)
  • UT with Lowest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons:Dadra&Nagar Haveli(57.6%) Males:Dadra&Nagar Haveli(71.2%) Females:Dadra&Nagar Haveli(40.2%)
  • District with Highest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons:Aizwal,Mizoram(96.5%) Males:Mahe,Pondicherry(97.6%) Females:Aizwal,Mizoram(96.26%)
  • District with Lowest Literacy Rate :
  • Persons:Dantewada,Tripura(30.17%) Males:Dantewada,Tripura (39.75%) Females:Shrawasti,UP(7.7%)
RELIGIOUS POPULATION
Hindus : 827,578,868 (80.5%)
Muslims : 138,188,240 (13.4%)
Christians : 24,080,016 (2.3%)
Sikhs : 19,215,730 (1.9%)
Buddhists : 7,955,207 (0.8%)
Jains : 4,225,053 (0.4%)
Other Religions & Persuasions : 6,639,626 (0.6%)
Religion not stated : 727,588 (0.1%)

SCHEDULED CASTES & SCHEDULED TRIBES
Scheduled Castes :
State with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Punjab (28.9 %)
State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Mizoram (0.03 %)
UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Chandigarh (17.5%)
UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : D & N Haveli (1.9% )
District with highest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Koch-Bihar (50.1%)
District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Castes : Lawngtlai Mizoram(0.01%)

Scheduled Tribes:
State with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Mizoram (94.5 %)
State with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Goa (0.04 %)
UT with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Lakshadweep (94.5 %)
UT with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : A & N Islands (8.3 %)
District with highest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Sarchhip,Mizoram(98.1%)
District with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes : Hathras,U.P(0.01%)

Wednesday, July 8, 2009

GK QUIZ - 1



1.World largest Archipelago
2.World Largest City in Area
3.India's Largest State in Area
4.India's Smallest State in Area
5.India's Smallest Union Territory
6.Tallest Animal
7.Fastest Animal at short run
8.Fastest Animal
9.Largest existing Land animal
10.Most Intelligent Animal
11.Most Cunning Animal
12.Largest Sea Animal

Tuesday, July 7, 2009

NATIONAL PARKS AND SANCTUARIES IN INDIA


Anna Zoological Sanctuary------Vandalur (T.N.)
Anamalai Sanctuary--------------Coimbatore, (T.N.)
Bandipur National Park----------Mysore (Karnataka)
Corbett National Park------------Nainital (Uttaranchal)
Crocodile Farm--------------------Kovalam (Chennai)
Dachigam Santuary---------------Srinagar (J & K)
Ghana Bird Sanctuary------------Bharatpur (Rajasthan)
Ghatprabha Bird Sanctuary-----Belgaum (Karnataka)
Gir National Park-----------------Junagarh (Gujarat)
Guindy Deer Sanctuary----------Guindy (Chennai)
Guindy Snake Park---------------Guindy (Chennai)
Hazaribagh National Park------Hazaribagh (Jharkhand)
Kanha National Park-------------Mandla (M.P.)
Kaziranga Natinoal Park--------Jorhat (Assam)
Manas Tiger Sanctuary----------Barbeta (Assam)
Mudumalai Sanctuary------------Nilgris(T.N.)
Periyar Sanctuary----------------Idukki (Kerala)
Pichavaram Bird Sanctuary----Chidambaram (T.N.)
Rangathitto Bird Sanctuary----Mysore (Karnataka)
Ranthanbor Tiger Sanctuary---Sawai (Rajasthan)
Sivpuri National Park------------Sivpurai (M.P.)
Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary--Kancheepuram(T.N.)

Friday, July 3, 2009

WORLD FAMOUS LINES AND FRONTIERS


Durand Line---------------------- Pakistan and Afghanistan
Hindenburg Line---------------- Germany and Poland.
Mac Mohan Line---------------- India and China
Maginot Line-------------------- France and Germany.
Oder Neisse Line--------------- East Germany and Poland.
Radcliffe Line------------------- India and Pakistan
Siegfried Line------------------- Germany and France.
17th Parallel-------------------- North and South Vietnam
24th Parallel-------------------- India and Pakistan
38th Parallel-------------------- North and South Korea
49th Parallel-------------------- U.S.A. and Canada